Infertility is trying to get pregnant through frequent intercourse for a year or more without any success. In addition, if females suffers from miscarriages it is infertility. In this article, we will discuss female infertility in detail and Ayurveda treatment for the same.
In most of the cases of female infertility, there is no outward signs and symptoms.
The main symptom of female infertility is, no doubt, the inability to get pregnant even after trying for a year or at least six months in females above 35 years of age. In females with infertility, menstrual cycle may be too short, less than 21 days, or too long for more than 35 days. If menstruation is absent or irregular, it means that the female is not ovulating.
As mentioned above, infertile females may also suffer from subsequent miscarriages.
Causes of Female Infertility
Female infertility may result from a physical problem, hormonal problem, lifestyle disorders, environmental factors, and age. Let us discuss the causes of female infertility in detail.
It is the cause of infertility in every 1 in 4 couples.
Ovulation disorder means that the female is not ovulating at all or ovulate infrequently. Ovulation disorder is a result of problems with the regulation of the reproductive hormones by the pituitary gland or hypothalamus or due to the problems in ovaries.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome – Polycystic ovarian syndrome leads to hormonal imbalance that affects ovulation. It is associated with obesity, abnormal hair growth on body or face, insulin resistance, and acne. Today it is one of the most common causes of female infertility.
Premature Ovarian Failure – It is an autoimmune response or premature loss of the eggs from the ovary due to genetic or chemotherapy. It is also called primary ovarian insufficiency. In this disorder, the ovaries no longer produce eggs. In addition, the production of oestrogen in females under the age of 40 lowers.
Hypothalamic dysfunction – Follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormones are two hormones produced by the pituitary gland and are responsible for the stimulation of ovulation every month in the female. Due to Excess emotional and physical stress, very low or high body weight, recent substantial weight loss, or weight gain, the production of these hormones is disrupted. As ovulation is affected, it results in irregular or absent periods.
Too much prolactin – If the pituitary gland produces excess prolactin, it reduces oestrogen production and results in infertility.
Blocked damaged fallopian tubes keep the sperm from reaching the egg. It may also block the passage that leads the fertilized egg into the uterus.
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID – PID is an infection of fallopian tubes and uterus due to sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea.
Pelvic tuberculosis – It is one of the major causes of tubal infertility
Previous surgery of pelvis or abdomen. It also includes surgery for ectopic pregnancy.
Endometriosis happens when the tissue that usually grows in the uterus starts growing in other nearby locations. The extra tissue growth and then the surgical removal of the tissue results in a scar that contributes to the blockage of the fallopian tube. Endometriosis affects the uterus lining and disrupts the implantation of the fertilized egg.
Female infertility may be due to an unknown cause or combination of several minor issues present in both the partners.
Age – With age, the quantity and the quality of women egg declines. In the mid-’30s, there is a loss of speed of the rate of follicles that leads to poor quality and fewer eggs.
Weight – Significant underweight or being overweight affects normal evolution.
Alcohol– Excessive alcohol consumption reduces the chances of conception.
Smoking – Smoking damages the fallopian tube and cervix. It increases the chances of ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. Smoking ages the ovaries are depleted the number of eggs prematurely.
Sexual History – Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia, damages the fallopian tube. Unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners increase the chances of STD that causes infertility.
Pregnancy is the result of the following process:
If there is a problem in any of the above-mentioned steps, it results in infertility.